Is Africa-China trade picking up now the Shanghai Covid-19 lockdown is over?

Last week, authorities in Shanghai finally lifted a two-month-long COVID-19 lockdown that could reportedly reduce China’s overall GDP by 4% this year. Across China as a whole, Covid-19 cases have also reduced to around 70 per day in mainly Beijing and Shanghai resulting in Beijing and other effected cities lifting restrictions.

The local and global economic impacts of these lockdowns and China’s zero-Covid policy have been analysed by experts across the globe and have drawn gloomy conclusions regarding the Chinese market amidst reports of consumer spending dropping by 11% in April, and the exodus of foreign businesses and foreign employees. The severe disruptions to logistics and supply chains in both China and globally because of the Shanghai lockdown was a particular focus of these reports.

So, should African brands and businesses be turning their attention elsewhere? Based on our observations and recent experiences of supporting high-end African brands with entering the Chinese market at Africa Reimagined, the short answer is, no.

As is often the case, the situation on the ground is not always reflective of what is reported to global audiences. In fact, in recent months, we have been busier than ever with helping our clients (premium African brands) access a number of new and exciting sales and promotion opportunities for African brands in China.

Most importantly, throughout the lockdown period we have been able to continue helping our clients export their products to China in order to continue selling and promoting their products, and to take advantage of these new, emerging China market entry opportunities. For example, we have continued to import African coffee from a range of African countries including Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda in order to supply China’s biggest coffee retailer.

Being China’s largest port of entry, Shanghai’s partial port closure has inevitably caused disruptions in other ports because container ships have been redirected from Shanghai to other ports. For example, at Africa Reimagined, we use Guangzhou as our main port of entry for African products. In recent months, we found that some our clients’ products have been delayed by a few days at the customs clearance authority in Guangzhou because of the increased number of packages being cleared in Guangzhou instead of Shanghai. On a couple of occasions, our clients’ logistics companies have had to delay posting packages to China for several days because of backlogs in Guangzhou. However, these delays have been minor and we have not come across delays of more than 5 days. Furthermore, now the lockdown has been lifted, we are already noticing that the delays are easing, and that Chinese customs procedures are returning to their normal length of time.

It is also important to stress that the impact of the Shanghai lockdown on the Shanghai Port and overall trade to China was not as severe as many media reports have suggested. Being China’s largest port and a principal point of entry for many of our Africa-based clients, at Africa Reimagined, we have been tracking the impact of the Shanghai lockdown on imports at the Port of Shanghai.

According to data from MoT, the cargo throughput in Shanghai was 42.19 million ton in April, a decrease of 26.8% from March 2022 (57.66 million ton); and the container throughput was 3.08 million ton, a decrease of 24.9% from March 2022 (4.1 million ton). In March 2021, the cargo throughput was 59.43 million ton, and the container throughput was 3.9 million ton. Thus, although the partial lock-down was already adopted in March, there seemed to be no significant disruption compared to the same period the year before.

Jinyu Chen

Research Analyst | Paris, France

Jinyu is a dual-degree Master’s student at Sciences Po & Peking University.  At Africa Reimagined, Jinyu produces research to foster better mutual understanding between African clients and Chinese consumers. 

 

Jade Scarfe

Research Analyst | Oxford, UK
Jade supports Africa Reimagined’s market research and brand communications to support brands during the early stages of their entry and enhance understanding of the opportunities of Chinese market.

Yike Fu

Africa Finance and Data Consultant | Hangzhou, PRC
 
Yike Fu is a skilled analyst with two years of qualitative and quantitative research experience in international development. Yike specializes in African Development and China – Africa relations with proven ability to provide diverse support to international organizations, non-profit, and non-governmental actors.

Rosie Wigmore

Project Manager | Beijing, PRC

Rosie is the Project Manager of the Africa Reimagined program. Rosie seeks new opportunities to ensure African businesses thrive in the Chinese market through market and trade research, partnership building and her diverse networks across China and Africa. Rosie operates all of Africa Reimagined’s services and supports Africa Reimagined’s clients with their entry and expansion in the Chinese market. She has over three years of experience working in the Africa-China relations space both in China and in Sierra Leone. She has in-depth knowledge of both the Chinese market and African markets, as well as the Africa-China trade relationship, which she uses to facilitate African value-added exports to China.

 

Leah Lynch

Deputy Director | Beijing, PRC
Leah is the Deputy Director of Africa Reimagined and Development Reimagined. She is also the co-chair of the sustainability forum for the British Chamber of Commerce, working with both British and Chinese businesses. She has in-depth knowledge of the landscape that brands face when entering the Chinese market. 


Leah has vast experience working with African businesses and managed the Beijing leg of our pilot market entry programme.  Previously, Leah worked at UNDP China on  South-South cooperation, and the Belt and Road Initiative. She also lived and worked in Kenya developing sustainable water policies for the government.

Hannah Ryder

Founder and CEO | Beijing, PRC

Africa Reimagined is led by our founder and CEO Hannah Muthoni Ryder, a former diplomat and economist by training. She is the CEO of Development Reimagined.

Her goal for Africa Reimagined as Development Reimagined’s first flagship project is to empower African brands through entering the growing Chinese market. In doing so, value-added products can be created and manufactured in the African continent. This will contribute towards breaking the poverty cycle through providing jobs, reliable incomes, and overall, fostering sustainable development